A combination of Shots that make up a Scene
A Shot is generally one of three things:
A description of a Frame Size, e.g. Wide Shot.
A Composition of a Frame that may be static or moving.
An individual part of a Sequence e.g. the Shot where the character is established.
One of the many recordings of a given shot. Most of the time, each shot in a film is photographed over and over again. The best version (or TAKE) of each shot is usually chosen for the final film.
An individual cell in a piece of film stock or an individual image in video – traditionally there are between 23 and 30 frames in every second of a film or video.
The Composition of characters or objects in the image.
A Storyboard is a graphic representation of how you see your video progressing, sometimes shot by shot. It’s made up of a number of squares with illustrations or pictures representing each shot, with notes about what’s going on in the scene and what’s being described in the script during that shot. It’s a sort of a comic book version of your script that is particularly helpful to show complex action scenes, and to make sure that you don’t miss anything in telling the story.
The finished and practical script for the film crew which often includes technical directions.
An anti – climax at the end of a scene or film.
Conveying a sense or an emotion of pity.
NON – LINEAR EDITING
Random - access editing of video and audio on a computer rather than physically cutting the film.
The first stage in editing in which all the good takes of shots are arranged in script order.
The first constructive edit made by the main Editor and the Director.
The finished edit made by the main Editor and the Director which is Picture Locked.
The high quality edit of the Fine Cut using full technical specifications of the film or video images.
The complete soundtrack assembly based on the final Picture Locked edit.
The industry standard script writing software.
ADOBE PREMIERE PRO / FINAL CUT PRO / AVID MEDIA COMPOSER
The industry standard editing software suites.
In Post – Production, this is when the images receive light and colour treatment.
PRE – PRODUCTION
The entire process of the concept and planning of the film.
The technical process of shooting the film.
POST – PRODUCTION
Editing, Dubbing, and Grading until the film is complete.
MISE – EN - SCENE
The arrangement of all of the elements placed in front of the camera to be photographed. Mise-en-scene refers to the settings and props, costumes and make up, the arrangements of actors in relation to the setting, lighting, etc.
How the Director directs the actors’ movements in a scene to enhance the action and to relate to the positioning of camera and lighting.
CROSSING THE LINE
Maintaining left-right spatial relations on screen by not letting cameras cross the Axis of Action. If the camera were to cross the axis, the spatial relations would be reversed.
POINT – OF - VIEW (POV) SHOT
A shot which represents what a character is looking at. It is seen more or less from his/her perspective and thus often increases the viewer's emotional identification with that character. A POV shot usually follows a shot of the person (whose view it represents) looking off-screen to ‘motivate’ the shot.
EXTREME LONG SHOT (XLS)
A shot in which the scale of the object shown is very small; a landscaper a cityscape, or a crowd. Such an image is often used as an Establishing Shot.
LONG SHOT (LS)
A shot that shows a character in his or her entirety, filling most of the frame.
MEDIUM LONG SHOT (MLS)
A shot in which an object that is 4-5 feet tall fills the screen vertically. A shot that shows a character from the shins up also referred as an
MID or MEDIUM SHOT (MS)
A shot that shows a character from the waist up.
MEDIUM CLOSE - UP (MCU)
A shot somewhere between a MEDIUM SHOT and a CLOSE UP; generally one that shows a character from the chest up and with some background remaining.
CLOSE - UP (CU)
A shot in which the head of a person, or the entirety of a small object is shown.
EXTREME CLOSE UP (XCU or ECU)
A shot that shows only a small portion or detail of a character’s body (eyes, ears, mouth) or a tiny object.
Close - up or medium shot of two persons.
THREE SHOT (3S)
Close - up or medium shot of three persons.
GROUP SHOT (GS)
A shot encompassing a group of people
A shot taken from a moving dolly (a platform on a set of wheels).